Angelo Mathews was timed out in cricket, can it happen in other sports?



Angelo Mathews became the first batsman in international cricket to be timed out and was adjudged to have taken more than two minutes to face his first ball after the fall of the previous wicket. Could it be in any other game? If not an outright dismissal from an entire side of the match, as in Matthews, can an athlete face any other penalty for time-out?


In tennis, a certain amount of time is allowed between points and games and even for medical timeouts.

For example, there is a maximum of 25 seconds allowed between points, which applies to both serving and receiving. This may include time for the server to get ready (bouncing the ball, etc.) and the onus is usually on them to fill the shot clock. However, the receiver must also be ready in position during this time. When players change at the end of the game, a maximum of 90 seconds is allowed, including toweling time and hydration.

If a time rule is violated, there is a warning after the first offense and for each additional violation, the offending player is given a one point penalty. This is usually at the discretion of the umpire but a visible shot clock on the court was introduced in 2018 and has led to several scuffles between umpires and players.

One of its most striking instances was during the 2019 US Open men’s singles final when Rafael Nadal received a time violation for taking too long while serving in the championship against Daniil Medvedev and collapsed. Nadal, however, went on to win an epic five-set affair.


In hockey, time penalties are an important factor in penalty corners (PC) and penalty shootouts.

In a penalty shootout (when the result is decided after a draw), the attacking team has an 8-second time limit to finish the hit. If the attacker fails to execute the shot within eight seconds, the hooter stops and the shot does not count.

An egregious example of a penalty shootout incident involving time in last year’s Commonwealth Games semi-final between India women against Australia. The first penalty in the shootout (after 1-1 in regulation time) was ordered to be replayed. India goalkeeper Savita Punia made a save on Ambrosia Malone’s first attempt but it did not count as the 8-second stopwatch had not started. Fines are retaken and converted. Later, all three Indian players missed as Australia scored from all their attempts to win their shootout 3-0 to reach the final.

During a penalty corner, both the attacking and defending teams get a 40-second time limit to set up their play. If teams fail to comply with the time limit, the umpire may decide to punish the attacking team by taking away a penalty corner or instruct the defender to withdraw from the PC defense if the team takes too long to line up.

the rugby

In December 2022, a time limit was added to rugby law for kicks to be taken for conversion after tries and penalty kicks. The changes took effect on January 1, 2023 and were most recently seen in action during the 2023 Rugby World Cup, which South Africa won with four penalty kicks in the final. While none of his four kicks in the final came close to running out the clock, there have been a few instances in previous World Cup matches where South Africa’s Manny Liboc finished with no more than two seconds left on the clock.

Two laws were amended to include kicking time as a legal point-scoring option.

Act 8.8d Conversion: (The kicker) takes the kick within 90 seconds (of play) from the time of the attempt, even if the ball goes up and has to be re-placed. Approval: Kick is not approved.

Law 8.21 Penalty Kick: The kick must be taken within 60 seconds (play time) from when the team indicated their intention, even if the ball goes up and has to be re-placed. Sanctions: Kicks are disallowed, and a scrum is awarded.

In both of these situations, failure to comply with the time limit deprives the attacking team of the opportunity to score points, a conversion after a try worth two points and a penalty kick worth three points.


For a game closely linked to the clock ticking 90 minutes or more, you’d assume footballers and their referees are scrupulous when it comes to keeping time.

The rules are clear enough in the IFAB’s Laws of the Game. However, Kolo Toure violated Law 7.2: “Players are entitled to a break at half-time, not exceeding 15 minutes; A short drinks break (which should not exceed one minute) is allowed at half-time intervals in extra time. “Time. Competition rules must specify the duration of the half-time interval and this can only be changed with the referee’s permission.”

The first leg of Arsenal’s Ro16 tie against Roma in the 2008/09 season witnessed a bizarre scene as Arsenal went down to nine men in the second half. William Gallas was sidelined, but understandably received treatment. Kolo Toure, who always had the superstition of being the last to appear in the second half, was right behind Gallus and when he entered the field, he earned himself a yellow card for entering the field of play without the referee’s permission.

“I learned a new rule today,” Toure said after that game, adding that even a Premier League champion could use a rules refresher on occasion.


Wrestling has the concept of a passivity clock, where a wrestler who avoids wrestling and does not attempt a hold or tackle is first given a verbal warning by the referee. However, if the wrestler is inactive on the mat, the referee stops the bout and places the wrestler on the “Passivity Clock”. This is a 30-second period in which the wrestler must score a point, as stated in Article 46 of the United World Wrestling rulebook.

Scenario(i): If either wrestler scores a point within the 30-second period, no additional points are awarded. However, if a wrestler does not score a point, a technical point will be awarded to the opponent of the wrestler placed on the “Passivity Clock”. No challenge may be requested for a penalty awarded as a result of passive wrestling.

Scenario (ii): If a wrestler does not score a point within two minutes of the start of the first period, the referees must designate a wrestler inactive (the same procedure as described above applies). When less than 30 seconds remain in either period, if all three members of the refereeing body agree that a wrestler is avoiding and/or blocking his opponent, his opponent will be awarded one point and a warning (ie escaping the hold). This situation can be challenged.

Scenario (iii): When less than 30 seconds remain in a bout and the refereeing body unanimously agrees that a wrestler is passive, they may issue a warning to the wrestler for escaping and award his opponent a point. Should this point determine the winner of the match, the other wrestler may request a challenge.

In Greco-Roman wrestling, the active wrestler is awarded a point if his opponent is found inactive. The active wrestler also has the right to choose whether to continue the bout standing or in the ground position.



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